Terraform Provider Template

Create a new directory in which you will store your Terraform configuration files, change your shell location inside it then initialize the provider by running terraform init:. On top of that data, providers enable you to query attributes from existing resources. Using the default "terraform" partner_id is absolutely unacceptable. Introducing: Terraform Provider for Ansible. On the “Personal access tokens” page, click “Enable SSO” for your token and “Authorize” it for the organization which hosts the repo where your Terraform template(s) and Terraform tfvar files will live. Octopus supports the deployment of Terraform templates through the Apply a Terraform template step. And if not, you can just write a quick and dirty implementation yourself. Other than Terraform's multi-provider support (i. You can see a list of Terraform providers here. The partner_id is used for a Microsoft program called Azure Template Tracking. Terraform can understand two types of configuration files: JSON, and HashiCorp Configuration Language (HCL). This port map can serve as an input to a network controller and monitoring infrastructure such as Cisco ACI. While it is in Public Preview, the following 3 Terraform providers will be supported (Cloudflare, Datadog and Kubernetes) with other providers being added in the future. Document Tertiary Trust Interprovider Transfers performance template. Some useful terraform commands Terraform plan — this command shows you what applying do by checking the template, state file, and actual state of the resource. For an example the "/etc/hosts" file should look like the following. We've had a lot of questions about how to build a coaching consent form. Terraform vCloud Director Provider v2. I think this is great news because it means faster turnaround with bug fixes, features, etc. We are excited to be expanding our support of HashiCorp Terraform on Azure with the launch of a fully configured version in our Marketplace. We've helped Jerry explore SSM parameters in-depth using both CloudFormation Templates and Terraform. The Palo Alto Networks Terraform provider, panos version 1. It tells Terraform where the module can be retrieved. View Vivek Nidhi’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. Terraform is a tool for building. The Pulumi Platform. It comes with a set of tools that also help you to manage the state and lifecycle of your deployments, which makes it a bit more advanced than ARM templates. One way to avoid this is to use the template capability of terraform and to reference the file through interpolation. The Terraform tool processes a. The module supports AWS Route53 as well. I instruct Terraform to not power on the VM after creation. For more information on using Terraform in Azure, see the Azure Terraform provider documentation. The advantage of Terraform is that it is cloud platform agnostic (unlike AWS CFT's or Azure ARM templates), provides for the definition of infrastructure as code, and produces immutable infrastructure deployments. The desired resource is an Azure Function Application. Looks like my provider is old because terraform version shows provider. For Oracle Linux there is no need to install the terraform-provider-oci RPM as terraform will pull in the provider if it is referenced in a *. 0 introduces). tf template files to setup desired cloud infrastructure and uses code written in a language called HCL. But beyond improved readability, Terraform templates allow you to use the same language for a variety of cloud providers, making it a valuable tool in any multi-cloud strategy. Apply deeply nested stacks. Furthermore, we proactively update the provider to support Terraform 0. It is an open source tool that codifies APIs into declarative configuration files that can be shared amongst team members, treated as code, edited, reviewed, and versioned. There are two types of dependencies: Implicit dependencies, which Terraform and the Azure provider determine automatically for you based on the configuration. - July 2018 to July 2019 (SNCF, DOSN):. When you generate your next execution plan, Terraform will not attempt to restart provisioning on the same resource because it isn't guaranteed to be safe. The refreshed Terraform vCloud Director provider enables administrators and DevOps engineers to define vCD infrastructure as code inside Terraform configuration files. Gets the id of a loadbalancer. 12, which includes updates to the HashiCorp. Welcome to Day 16 of 100 Days of DevOps, Let continue our journey, yesterday I discussed terraform, today let’s build VPC using terraform. To install Tectonic on AWS with a graphical installer instead, refer to the AWS graphical installer documentation. + provider. Starting point template. Including architecture project, IaaC templates implementation (CloudFormation, Terraform), automation implementation, tests, planning and setting up deployments policies. If you leave this blank, Terraform will auto-generate a unique name. Terraform templates can be reused to deploy multiple clusters and it can also manage scaling and. The new versions of Terraform do not contain all plugins after the application installation. Pulumi SDK → Modern infrastructure as code using real languages. You can then deploy these templates to create the servers with no manual intervention by the administrator. The template data source refers to the JSON file and can then be interpolated in place of the long JSON string:. The VMware vSphere provider is what Terraform uses to work with Vcenter and ESXi. This is a leap forward in the rapid and continuing evolution of Oracle Bare Metal Cloud Services. » Using Terraform Providers via ARM Operators are able to add providers to their ARM templates by identifying both the Terraform provider type and the resource type. 12, while retaining compatibility with prior versions. 11+ is required). Initializing a new Terraform directory generally does not need input but it accepts the following parameter for non-attended use. Terraform is one of many tools available in the HashiCorp Ecosystem. You can see a list of Terraform providers here. The for construct allows repetition and the if construct allows conditional output. In order to use a provider in Terraform, we will need to specifically call it out in our code. » Next This was part 7 of the blog post series previewing Terraform 0. The Terraform OSS RP is currently in private preview and if you would like to try it out you can sign up for the private preview. The provider ships with 100% coverage for all vTM’s REST API resources, and includes support for the API version 4. The primary takeaways from this article is that the combination of the Terraform templates and the ```panos``` terraform provider: enable security teams to be proactive. A comprehensive walkthrough of how to manage infrastructure-as-code using Terraform. Terraform is a great option. vCloud Director clones the template based on my Terraform config. It supports multiple providers that allows it to communication with different platforms such as Azure, AWS, Docker, Kubernetes and many more. Kapitan is a tool to manage complex deployments using jsonnet, kadet (alpha) and jinja2. Terraform enables you to safely and predictably create, change, and improve infrastructure. VNET, VM, Storage, etc. Templates for Terraform provide the ability to quickly and easily deploy and secure critical applications on the Palo Alto Networks Next Generation firewall for public cloud environments such as AWS and Azure. /bash_profile file (on macOS). tf template files to setup desired cloud infrastructure and uses code written in a language called HCL. This container has a limited number of installed packages, including:. These tools are very much similar to terraform in the way it achieves the end result. Modules are used to group codes and facilitate code organization I created new folders inside main terraform…. + provider. Terraform allows modification and configuration of all types of resources - from on-prem physical machines to cloud-based resources. Goal This solution brief describes how to create a port map of all the interfaces in a tenant’s network. This topic provides information about installing, configuring, and using the Terraform provider with Oracle Cloud Infrastructure. The Terraform Training course is an outstanding course that educates learners on all aspects of Terraform Training software and Terraform Training. Using a Terraform version of at least 0. Terraform is an automation tool created by HashiCorp. Assuming the credentials passed into the AWS provider have access to create the EC2 Instance resource, the plan should run successfully. 4, Oracle Compute Cloud is now fully supported by the built-in Terraform provider for the Oracle Public Cloud services. 33 of the azurerm provider, i. It is also not possible to import an existing resource into a CloudFormation stack. - July 2018 to July 2019 (SNCF, DOSN):. Information you’ll need to configure the Terraform provider. Terraform utilizes a provider model that enables it to support various Infrastructure platforms. It enables users to define and provision a datacenter infrastructure using a high-level configuration language known as Hashicorp Configuration Language (HCL), or optionally JSON. This is one manual step that is required so that Terraform has a template to reference for the VMs it will create. The IBM UrbanCode Deploy extensions for Terraform include both a provider and a provisioner. Terraform use APIs abstraction through declarative configuration files that can be shared. Next steps. Introduction. 5 min How to install Terraform. In an existing Terraform directory: ~ terraform version Terraform v0. The freshly-released Pulse Virtual Traffic Manager (vTM) v18. This is a preferred approach over any other when running in EC2 as you can avoid hard coding credentials. tf file and save. CloudFormation and Terraform are both powerful and mature tools. You can see a list of Terraform providers here. This can be a little convoluted, so let's use the Terraform template_file provider to keep things as clean as possible. Using terraform and Azure ARM template, in order to configre event grid with a particular azure function, I am trying to recover some values in a terraform output. Creating custom terraform providers. If you don't use terraform you can set this manually up through your DNS Service. template v1. Terraform template for AWS provider ☁️. You build Terraform templates in a human-readable format that create and configure Azure resources in a consistent. On top of that data, providers enable you to query attributes from existing resources. In this post, we will demonstrate how to use Terraform 0. Terraform provides a great way to easily get your feet wet with infrastructure automation. This state file is used to store the state of the infrastructure that it is deployed, separate to that infrastructure. » Using Terraform Providers via ARM Operators are able to add providers to their ARM templates by identifying both the Terraform provider type and the resource type. This is where HashiCorp Terraform comes in, providing a way to deploy cloud infrastructure using a higher-level templating language. With an ARM template all of the state of the deployment is in the deployment its self running in Azure, however when you deploy a Terraform template it creates a state file - "terraform. Terraform Pros. Because Terraform can interact with any API, almost any infrastructure type can be represented as a resource in Terraform. The desired resource is an Azure Function Application. We are also working on a native state backend, but it currently requires you to use our fork of Terraform so we're sticking with the more pluggable HTTP backend for now. Using the Terraform provider, you can create Terraform configurations that provision systems using RightScale templates or resources (including CATs or ServerTemplates) and leverage RightScale orchestration and automation, including the RightScale workflow language. Let's say you wanted to move some workloads from AWS to Azure. 0 is compatible with Terraform 0. Title Terraform script to Import Image from OBJECT STORAGE URL and create a Instance using custom image Summary Terraform script to Import Image from. Using the provider Fill in for each provider Developing the Provider. Now that you have an overview of Terraform and its benefits, here are suggested next steps: Get started by installing Terraform and configuring it to use Azure. Once launched, Terraform safely and efficiently changes infrastructure as the configuration evolves. While integrating with a new payment provider, we needed to sync merchant ids via SFTP. Using Templates in Terraform In this post we take a look at how to leverage templates in Terraform to help make your job a bit easier. For Oracle Linux there is no need to install the terraform-provider-oci RPM as terraform will pull in the provider if it is referenced in a *. Terraform automatically downloads and manages modules for you. - July 2018 to July 2019 (SNCF, DOSN):. View Vivek Nidhi’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. Terraform is a tool for building, changing, and versioning infrastructure safely and efficiently. 11, it's just not compatible with template provider 1. Use the navigation to the left to read about the available data sources. Atlas - commercial. + provider. The new versions of Terraform do not contain all plugins after the application installation. You can contact us by telephone, post and email. Following are recommended best practices for writing configurations for the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Terraform provider. Install and configure Terraform to provision Azure resources. It is recommended to use this before running apply …. 2019/01/18 15:16:39 [DEBUG] command: no data state file found for backend config. 14版本中已经GA了对Windows的支持。这一结果凝结了一群优秀的工程师的努力,他们来自微软、Pivotal、VMware、红帽以及现在已经关闭的Apprenda等几家公司。. I think this is great news because it means faster turnaround with bug fixes, features, etc. It covers everything necessary to set up complete management of infrastructure with Terraform, starting with the basics of using providers and resources. That does not mean that when you write an HCL template. template provider 2. However, this provider has its own copy of the template engine embedded in it, separate from Terraform itself, and so which features are available are decided based on what Terraform version the provider was compiled against, and not on which Terraform version you are running. This port map can serve as an input to a network controller and monitoring infrastructure such as Cisco ACI. * provider. Using this Terraform template, I will create a VPC: Name: terraform-vpc IP block for this VPC: 10. vCloud Director clones the template based on my Terraform config. I think Terraform is a. Learn how to use Terraform to reliably provision virtual machines and other infrastructure on Azure. Garden includes a Terraform provider that you can use to automatically validate and provision infrastructure as part of your project. Terraform allows you to define and create complete infrastructure deployments in Azure. You can use it for single VM deploying as well as for multiple VMs. This is an interesting one. Create a new file named “azure_func. Exporting AWS_PROFILE with the desired AWS credential profile name before invoking Terraform ensures that the underlying AWS SDK uses the right set of credentials. x you need to also manually upgrade the provider to a newer version that supports the Terraform 0. Matchbox, introduced by CoreOS, is an open source service for on-premise environments that matches bare metal machines. It tells Terraform where the module can be retrieved. Q: Any suggestions for getting up to speed on Powercli and PS?. Gets the id of a loadbalancer. Terraform provisioner. Installing Terraform. Obviously, this is not a perfect apples-to-apples comparison. Local scripts. azuredevops_project. To install Tectonic on AWS with a graphical installer instead, refer to the AWS graphical installer documentation. The policy_rule and parameters must be in the form of JSON. You need to unzip it and keep it. Resources: resource blocks define components of your infrastructure. This component is called the CAMC Provider which invokes REST services exposed by the Pattern Manager which in turn configures a Chef server and initiates the Chef-client to run on target nodes. - Terraform module for auto-scaling Amazon ECS (Elastic Container) cluster and registering services at run-time / HCL Typically VMs are created using provider-specific templates (so called VM. This article describes the necessary steps to use Terraform to provision resources in Azure. Terraform enables you to safely and predictably create, change, and improve infrastructure. * provider. Microsoft already invested a lot to introduce Terraform as provisioning tool for different Azure services including SQL Azure DBs with azurerm_sql_database or azurerm_sql_server. 0 + provider. Garden includes a Terraform provider that you can use to automatically validate and provision infrastructure as part of your project. Other providers include AWS, Microsoft Azure, Heroku, and Terraform Enterprise. And There We Go. Some useful terraform commands Terraform plan — this command shows you what applying do by checking the template, state file, and actual state of the resource. I also like that Terraform can be used across multiple cloud providers, such as AWS and Microsoft Azure. 0 I tried to upgrade provider. vCloud Director clones the template based on my Terraform config. In this post, we will demonstrate how to use Terraform 0. It comes with a set of tools that also help you to manage the state and lifecycle of your deployments, which makes it a bit more advanced than ARM templates. Introducing: Terraform Provider for Ansible. Before running terraform 0. Most common logical providers include random, template, terraform, null. In the consumer-workspace Terraform template we've defined an aws_instance to be provisioned. Designing and leading implementation of AWS cloud architectures for clients. The providerregistration type identifies the Terraform provider and contains connection and authentication information. Some useful terraform commands Terraform plan — this command shows you what applying do by checking the template, state file, and actual state of the resource. On top of that data, providers enable you to query attributes from existing resources. Instead of manually creating instances, networks, and so on in your cloud provider's […]. There’s a handy Terraform template here. Each plugin offers a number of resources that can be added to an automation template and which are then mapped to whatever native API is used to provision the resource. Instead these are leased on-the-fly by Terraform which reduces the chance of leakage. The provider section within a template file tells Terraform to use an Azure provider:. template provider 2. TerraForm is no managed service, so the maintenance burden is on the user side. 0 that goes back to vTM 17. Template Provider. For an example the "/etc/hosts" file should look like the following. This eliminates the need for managing Service Principal secrets for Terraform separately in automation scenarios such as continuous deployment with Jenkins. 0 is here! This release packs new features and improvements, including ability to create Org VDCs, assign multiple networks to VMs, add metadata to VMs and vApps, and more. 4, Oracle Compute Cloud is now fully supported by the built-in Terraform provider for the Oracle Public Cloud services. 0 is compatible with Terraform 0. template v2. Terraform is one of many tools available in the HashiCorp Ecosystem. In this configuration file we are doing the following:. This step executes a Terraform template, optionally using AWS credentials managed by Octopus, and captures the Terraform output variables as Octopus. The combination and order of Linux packages and dependencies to get that working wasn’t straight forward and as you can see below in the main VM Terraform resource declaration, there are a lot of commands to make that happen. Vivek has 12 jobs listed on their profile. Most common logical providers include random, template, terraform, null. This post is a collection of tips and gotchas we've picked up along the way. Until it's supported natively, it's possible to provision these resources within Terraform by using the `azurerm_template_deployment` resource - which can execute an ARM Template but use the variables/outputs from Terraform. Download and install the Terraform provider from the Skytap Terraform provider page. No modern solution of any serious scale is solely confined to one stack/cloud… with Terraform you can reach into all of these by including, or even writing your own. But if you absolutely cannot wait, you can still use Terraform to try out the new feature… you just have to deploy an ARM template embedded within your Terraform template! Terraform - Embedded ARM Template. 10 + provider. With terraform successfully initialized, the next step in the process is to have terraform review the template and determine what changes need to take place. Terraform is adept at deploying an infrastructure across multiple cloud providers. Lots of hands-on labs! Register Now. An open-source software provisioning, configuration management, and application-deployment tool comes with its own declarative language. Modules are used to group codes and facilitate code organization I created new folders inside main terraform…. A common use case is to build servers with Terraform, and have Ansible configure them. 0; win-64 v2. Existing string interpolation remains unchanged and the existing template provider and resources continue to work as they do in current Terraform versions. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. The new template syntax will be released in Terraform 0. Now we must add our credentials to terraform. Information you’ll need to configure the Terraform provider. Using the Terraform provider, you can create Terraform configurations that provision systems using RightScale templates or resources (including CATs or ServerTemplates) and leverage RightScale orchestration and automation, including the RightScale workflow language. 14 (works as expected). Terraform uses a declarative approach in which configuration files specify the desired end-state of the infrastructure, so the examples in this guide will simply list the Linodes that we want to create. It is an open source tool that codifies APIs into declarative configuration files that can be shared amongst team members, treated as code, edited, reviewed, and versioned. It supports a lot of cloud providers like AWS, DigitalOcean, Google Cloud Platform, OpenStack, VMware vSphere, and more. Here is the snippet doing it from our Terraform template: terraform { required_version = ">= 0. Handling existing resources is a plus for Terraform. For this example, these are the provider-aws plugin and the provider-archive plugin. This allows a. If you don't use terraform you can set this manually up through your DNS Service. For example, some of the tools have more than one repository, and some use other methods for bug tracking and questions; searching for jobs with common words like “chef” or “puppet” is tricky; Terraform split the provider code out into separate repos in 2017, so measuring activity on solely the core repo dramatically. ibm_compute_image_template. Terraform modules which deploy the infrastructure components (such as VMs, network, storage) in Azure and then call the: Ansible playbook which call different: Ansible roles to install and configure OS and SAP applications on the deployed infrastructure in Azure. Instead these are leased on-the-fly by Terraform which reduces the chance of leakage. »Template Provider The template provider exposes data sources to use templates to generate strings for other Terraform resources or outputs. No modern solution of any serious scale is solely confined to one stack/cloud… with Terraform you can reach into all of these by including, or even writing your own. You can then reference the fields of the data source in other resources within the same configuration by using interpolation syntax. Terraform Providers supported in the initial private preview release. Terraform allows you to import existing resources. The first section we are going to look at is the provider configuration for AWS. In this tutorial we will create template file called 'terraform. This my code for aws launch template amazon-web-services amazon-ec2 gpu terraform terraform-provider-aws. Introduction. Even better, the state file is JSON, which will be easier to parse than the Terraform. Terraform is a tool for building, changing, and versioning infrastructure safely and efficiently. The template data source refers to the JSON file and can then be interpolated in place of the long JSON string:. AWS CloudFormation and HashiCorp terraform have quickly become the de-facto standard for cloud infrastructure provisioning and automation. 11+ is required). 2; To install this package with conda run one of the following: conda install -c conda-forge terraform-provider-template. tf file and save. Q: Any suggestions for getting up to speed on Powercli and PS?. The Terraform RP is only available in the Azure region West Central US right now. azuredevops_project. The VMware vSphere provider is what Terraform uses to work with Vcenter and ESXi. │ └── provider. $ terraform plan -out plan. Another advantage of Terraform is its separate planning step. In an existing Terraform directory: ~ terraform version Terraform v0. Terraform provider does not support resource. The template provider can help with creating customized configuration files; You can build templates based on variables from Terraform resource attributes (e. Today I am writing about how you can leverage the newly announced Terraform OSS Azure Resource Provider for the same configuration with your existing Azure Resource Manager template know-how. In our previous post Getting Started With Terraform and vSphere, we installed Terraform and went through the process of deploying VMs. You simply would use Terraform to deploy all. Requirements. Create Configuration. Using the provider Fill in for each provider Developing the Provider. Terraform can manage existing and popular service providers as well as custom in-house solutions. Steve Jansen on Add export/import from Terraform template:heart: this idea. Parameters are isolated to the stack resource itself and output mapping is automatically applied. Terraform provides a great way to easily get your feet wet with infrastructure automation. Kevin discusses the simplified syntax of Terraform and the features of multiple cloud providers. There are ingress and egress rules, ways to audit with network flow logs, and more. Converting a provisioned Delphix VM into a Template to use with Terraform. Infrastructure as Code: Azure Terraform Templates (German) Infrastructure as Code allows the management of Azure resources throughout the lifecycle. Easy to Maintain. The template data source refers to the JSON file and can then be interpolated in place of the long JSON string:. 14 (works as expected). I instruct Terraform to not power on the VM after creation. Almost any infrastructure type can be represented as a resource in Terraform. You can contact us by telephone, post and email. So what is Terraform. 12 generally available, new configuration language improvements allow additional templating of Kubernetes resources. It supports a lot of cloud providers like AWS, DigitalOcean, Google Cloud Platform, OpenStack, VMware vSphere, and more. For this, we need the template provider and the associated data source template_file. Vendors like Microsoft expose functionalities as APIs, and the corresponding Terraform provider is responsible for making those APIs accessible to you. With Harness, you can now integrate those scripts and templates into your deployment pipelines. Terraform Provider. The template provider exposes data sources to use templates to generate strings for other Terraform resources or outputs. In order to avoid code duplication (using new code block for every VM) we'll use modules. This tutorial demonstrates how to create and manage projects on Google Cloud Platform with Terraform. Our goal at Microsoft is to enable Azure customers to use whichever infrastructure provisioning tool best suits their needs. » AWS Provider Improvements Terraform's AWS provider has received numerous improvements and bugfixes in the time since Terraform 0. Terraform allows you to import existing resources. Terraform is a tool for building, changing, and versioning infrastructure safely and efficiently. It focuses on deploying cloud infrastructure in an automatic fashion. It can make the job done super fast if compare the time to maintain Cloudformation template (it easily goes up to thousands lines) But terraform is not good for serverless related resources, it is still too complex or feature missed to be managed by terraform. The policy_rule and parameters must be in the form of JSON. To Terraform Or Not To Terraform: Configuration Management In AWS (And Other Cloud Computing Providers) 1 Reply Configuration management tools have as their primary objective the task of making a server always be in the desired state. 0 with new Terraform integrations, which enables you to create and share resources within teams for reproducible production infrastructure. 7 was set to be unsupported early next year, I was determined to have Ansible running off Python3. There's not as extensive a library of providers Terraform supports, but you can often find open-source providers to fill the gaps on AWS resource until an official implementation is released. Terraform allows you to create templates that define servers within vmware. Kapitan is a tool to manage complex deployments using jsonnet, kadet (alpha) and jinja2. In this tutorial we will create template file called 'terraform. So what is Terraform. Download and install the Terraform provider from the Skytap Terraform provider page. Azure DevOps Terraform provider. Terraform basics If you are new to terraform then here are some basics that you should know about and instead of writing them all down here I'll just link to them: terraform documentation terraform GitHub main repo terraform Azure provider documentation terraform Azure provider GitHub repo In true Hashicorp fashion this sums it up to. 0 + provider. In order to use a provider in Terraform, we will need to specifically call it out in our code. If you're running Terraform from an EC2 instance with IAM Instance Profile using IAM Role, Terraform will just ask the metadata API endpoint for credentials. Use our CI/CD template for Terraform to learn how you can use Infrastructure-as-Code (IaC) to improve CI/CD processes. Using the Terraform provider, you can create Terraform configurations that provision systems using RightScale templates or resources (including CATs or ServerTemplates) and leverage RightScale orchestration and automation, including the RightScale workflow language. Kapitan is a tool to manage complex deployments using jsonnet, kadet (alpha) and jinja2. Even better, the state file is JSON, which will be easier to parse than the Terraform. If I am asked to use Terraform for Azure PaaS, I wouldn't definitely recommend it because of its immaturity with various reasons. Initializing a new Terraform directory generally does not need input but it accepts the following parameter for non-attended use. @sofixa deleting the template won't have any effect on a non-linked virtual machine as the VM has already been cloned. isolation, versioning, loops, if-statements), and a list of gotchas to look out for. As the Exoscale provider isn’t official yet, it has to be installed manually. Next, adjust your configuration accordingly. Parameters are isolated to the stack resource itself and output mapping is automatically applied. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: